Sagwan plantation is a rapid increasing trade now a day. Its better result attracts people. Now people are more interested in it. This result, it has a good market today and many more competitors. In this case the interested people for plantation must have suitable guideline about the cultivation process of sagwan trees.
Here we are providing complete guidelines about the cultivation:-
Controlling of weeds:- The tiny plants need a good amount of high intensity of light for its better growth. That’s why in early period of plantation i.e. 1-3 years we must have an intensive weeding. It’s required of weeding operations 3 times in first year, 2 times in second year and one time in the third year.
Irrigation:- During the growing period irrigation is very essential. We should have irrigation after each weeding (followed by 3, 2, and 1) and adequate soil working. By expanding the inputs of watering systems and successive thinning results a good growth.
But, there should a caution in irrigation process that the too much amount of water causes the water blister. Such a tree appears quite healthy from outside but the inner part of the tree may develop rot. The excess of water increases the spread of fungi and then damage the tree.
Fertilizers and manures:- Generally we have to apply two doses of fertilizer (in the months of August and September). Every plant should be provided NPK (of ratio 15:15:15) 50 g every year up to three years.
There is a requirement of calcium (Ca), phosphorous (P), potassium (K), nitrogen (N), and organic matter (OM). Especially the teak (Sagwan) trees require a high amount of calcium. The amount of calcium depends upon the site quality.
Care about diseases:- Teak defoliator and skeletoniser (Hyblaea puera and Eutectona machaeralis) cause broad harm to youthful ranches. Root decay because of Polyporous zonalis is additionally normal in estate. Pink malady organism causes blisters and bark chipping. Fine mold brought about by Olivea tectonae and Uncinula tectonae prompts untimely defoliation. It is along these lines important to attempt prophylactic and control measures to guarantee great soundness of the yields. This strategy is of enormous significance in the creepy crawly; bother control considering its innocuous and contamination free ramifications on the earth further evading the operational and leftover dangers that include in the utilization of natural and inorganic bug sprays.